Sonntag, 22. Oktober 2017

Monogamy:

"in the huge modern eusocial insect colonies, such as with ants and termites, the interests of the different colony members, whether queen or workers, may be virtually identical. The reason is that all will realise reproductive success only through the rather small group of reproductively mature individuals that will emigrate and found new colonies. Not only are the workers and the queen likely to be similarly related to these reproductives (especially in forms with diplo-diploid sex determination, as with termites), but they are likely to have no other opportunity to reproduce.
A good comparison in familiar terms would be represented by a species in which the male and female tend to be obligately monogamous, bonded for life. If opportunities for differential assistance to non-descendant relatives, and for philandering, are rare or non-existent, then, even though the male and female may be completely unrelated, their reproductive interests are identical. Each will reproduce via the offspring they produce together; and in most cases the two parents will be equally related to offspring. In such cases the male and female are expected to behave as though their evolutionary interests are identical, as with members of clones, and queen and workers in eusocial colonies (Alexander, 1987)."

Richard D. Alexander, Evolution of the Human Psyche, 1989

Samstag, 21. Oktober 2017

Der Kontakt mit dem Möglichen:

Der Mensch kann jederzeit seine Aufmerksamkeit vom "Hier und Jetzt" abwenden und der Sphäre des Möglichen oder der Sphäre des Vergangenen zuwenden. Diese Ungebundenheit an das "Hier und Jetzt" ist vermutlich das Schlüsselcharakteristikum menschlicher Kognition.

Freitag, 20. Oktober 2017

Low-cost scenario testing:

"I agree with Fagen (1981) in regarding the concept of practice (including low-cost testing) as representing the best general theory of play[.]"

Richard D. Alexander

Verbal Overshadowing of Visual Memories: Some Things Are better Left Unsaid

"verbalizing a visual memory may produce a verbally biased memory representation that can interfere with the application of the original visual memory."

[Jonathan Schooler et al.,1990]

[See also: Thoughts Beyond Words, 1993]

Mittwoch, 18. Oktober 2017

'Persönlichkeit'

Der Reiz bzw. Unterhaltungswert eines Menschen beruht sicherlich primär auf seinen neuronalen Kapazitäten.

Dienstag, 17. Oktober 2017

Intelligenz:

Intelligenz lässt sich nicht nur allgemein beschreiben, als die Fähigkeit zur Feststellung von Mustern, Zusammenhängen, Regelmäßigkeiten und Gesetzmäßigkeiten, sondern eben auch wahrscheinlichkeitstheoretisch, als die Fähigkeit zur Auffindung oder Gewinnung von Sicherheiten.